Maybe you've heard of commonly known eye diseases like glaucoma or cataracts. One lesser-known disease is keratoconus, or the bulging of the cornea. In this disease, the cornea thins out and bulges forward, causing poor vision for the patient. Here at Family Vision Center LLC, we'll be discussing what keratoconus is and how to treat it.
What is the Cornea?
The cornea is a protective layer that controls the entry of light into the eye. In keratoconus, the cornea changes into an irregular shape that distorts a person's vision. Without proper light refraction, the patient's vision deteriorates. Symptoms of keratoconus come are swelling in the eye, blurred vision, light sensitivity, and glares within the field of vision.
Causes of Keratoconus
Medical scientists have yet to discover the cause of this particular eye disease, but it is strongly linked to environmental and genetic factors. Those with a family history of keratoconus are more likely to develop the disease. It is also prevalent among people with Down's syndrome, Marfan syndrome, Danlos syndrome, and similar genetic conditions. Other risk factors include having hay fever, retinitis pigmentosa, and asthma. Those living in a hot climate are more likely to contract the eye disease.
Treatment Options for Keratoconus
Keratoconus is not a condition that should go untreated. This disease can progress quickly and affect your vision. We recommend that you seek annual eye examinations and treatment for diseases like keratoconus. Your optometrist will design a treatment plan that is appropriate for your situation, depending on the level of severity.
Mild keratoconus can be treated with contact lenses and eyeglasses. With this treatment, the cornea may naturally correct itself over a few years. If the keratoconus progresses into a serious condition, surgery will likely be recommended. A corneal transplant or a corneal insert may be needed to correct an abnormal cornea. Should it come to surgery, your eye doctor will prepare you and go through the procedural steps of the operation.
Optometry Care in Bridgeport and Stratford
Family Vision Center is an eye care clinic serving Bridgeport, Stratford, and surrounding areas. Our eye health specialists are equipped to diagnose and treat a great number of eye conditions, including keratoconus. We can design a health care plan that is best suited for your needs. Give the Family Vision Center a call at 203-377-2020 (Stratford) or 203-333-2020 (Bridgeport) to schedule an appointment.